Designs Ink Publishing Article Archive and Research Library
Chris A. Paschke, CPF GCF
"The Pressure Point of Mounting"
Consider for a moment the four major elements necessary to achieve consistent good mounting: TIME, TEMPERATURE, PRESSURE and MOISTURE. Time and temperature are determined by the individual adhesive being used, the artwork or material being mounted, the substrate thickness or density AND the desired end result (see "Ghosting Newsprint", November `91 PFM).
"Moisture" may be readily controlled and eliminated simply by predrying all items prior to mounting when using a mechanical press. Since the very nature of a vacuum press is to draw or extract the air from within the press, moisture is automatically pulled from the materials during the mounting process. I will further discuss this "moisture issue" in another article.
This brings me to the pressure point of mounting. A vacuum press is self adjusting in relation to the substrate or mounting board being used because the rubber diaphragm or bladder conforms totally to the item within the press. Put in its most simple terms...it neither need, nor can be adjusted!
On the other hand, if you own a Seal Mechanical Press, and if the jaws and lever arm is not properly adjusted for the thickness of the substrate being mounted upon, you run the risk of a poor, unpredictable or inconsistent mounting. None of the words just mentioned should even be in the vocabulary of a successful, time efficient framer. Dry mounting is by far the most predictable and reliable form of mounting available...if the elements of time, temperature, moisture and PRESSURE are controlled.
So the subject of this month's article is adjusting the pressure of the mechanical press. I will demonstrate on a Seal 210M-X but the procedure is identical on the 500T-X. Cut a 20" square piece of foam board, join the two opposite corners by scoring the board corner to corner, but only penetrate half way through the thickness of the foam. Fold the square in half and you have a perfect 45 degree pattern. By using this large a piece of foam it is easy to visually match the angle of the pattern against the press handle (lever arm), plus by folding the board in half rather than cutting it, it remains self-supporting.
LEVER ARM ADJUSTMENT
Select the substrate the press is to be adjusted for, place it in the press with the handle (or lever arm) at the resting, closed but not locked position. Check to see if the lever arm is at the proper 45 degree angle for this thickness of substrate.
If the arm is too high for the foam pattern the press would be too tight for this thickness of substrate. The "locking nuts" are the doughnut shaped outer rings which loosen when turned counter-clockwise. These nuts must be loosened to adjust the taller, inner "pressure adjusting screws". If the locking nut is too tight to loosen, insert an additional board for space, then lock the arm down to loosen the pressure of the locking nuts on the press, and unscrew them until they are out of the way or off. If the additional board was added to loosen the locking nuts remember to remove it prior to setting the 45 degrees.
Pop the press open and since the locking nuts are no longer holding the adjusting screws in place they may be readily turned to accommodate the necessary changes in pressure. Twisting the adjusting screws evenly to the right or in a clockwise position will drop the lever arm down, thus lightening or decreasing the press pressure. Conversely, twisting the nuts to the left or counter-clockwise will raise the arm up and increase the press pressure. Align the 45 degree foam pattern with the lever arm for whatever substrate thickness is desired, lock the arm closed and replace the locking nuts snugly.
The press should be adjusted to the dominant thickness of substrate or mount board to be used. Readjustment of the press is required each time the substrate changes or the pressure will also change. Shims can be cut to accommodate the variation in substrate thickness and placed beneath the Masonite board to make up the difference in thickness as an alternative. Remember these shims are placed beneath the Masonite, not within the platen/sponge pad mounting area.
The jaws of your mechanical press must always be clean. aligned and properly adjusted in order to achieve the repeatedly reliable, consistent, predictable mountings necessary to successful framing. If the jaws are too loose there may be gaps or air pockets in the bond between substrate and artwork. If the jaws are too tight indentations may occur when mounting an oversized project "in bites".
The monster within the press can easily be tamed simply by using your common sense. Never fear the "jaws" they are there to simplify your life and make you more money! Follow the standard guidelines of 45 degrees for the placement of the lever arm and never forget the principles of time, temperature, "pressure"...and moisture.
Copyright © 1992 Chris A Paschke
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Chris Paschke, CPF GCF
785 Tucker Road, Suite G-183
Tehachapi, CA 93561