by Chris A. Paschke, CPF GCF
The LA Framer – GLAC Newsletter April 2011
"Platforms, Lifters and Spacers"
Platforms, lifters and spacers are essentially all names for the same thing, a mechanism for creating a gap, opening or distance between two parts (diagram 1). A spacer--or lifter--is a small piece or strip of wood that is screwed to the base of a float frame beneath a painted panel to raise up the art. This both brings it closer to the frame face and creates the illusion of it floating within the frame (diagram 2). A block spacer is an inexpensive way to raise a painted panel, but it gives no additional support to the frame.
A solid board that is screwed to the entire inside perimeter of a frame is called a platform. It is smaller than the art panel--allowing it to float--yet larger than the opening in the bottom of the frame. Platforms help stabilize and support 8-ply rag boards or panels so they won't sag or warp with temperature and humidity. Not only does a platform support the entire painting it also adds rigidity to the frame (photo 1).
photo 1 – Platform
It supports the panel and adds strength to the frame.
The height of the platform is somewhat a matter of personal preference for encaustic art as the depth from the face of the frame to the highest point of the art can vary from 1/8" to 1/2". There is no set distance as long as the art remains lower than the frame.
I will explain the step-by-step replacement and re-installation of a platform next month, but will run through the basics here. Always make a pencil mark at the bottom of the platform and the bottom of the frame for future alignment. Fit strips of corrugated cardboard or foam center board between the edge of the platform and the frame for placement and to help support the platform during installation (photo 2). Then screw the platform to the frame with 3/4" long #4 Phillips flat head screws. This type of solid platform is meant to be a base that the art will be glued to and is generally not designed for painting or wax.
Center the platform with scrap pieces of board.
Do not apply adhesive to the back of the art. To affix the art panel apply a bead of Titebond Wood Glue around the perimeter of the platform 1/4" in from the edge and then in an X corner to corner (diagram 3).
This will firmly tack all four corners and the center. Lightly spread the glue to even out the adhesive and speed drying time. Align the panel and press firmly for full contact with adhesive, then keep flat when drying. By floating panels in this method the surface of the art will never contact the table even if laid face down and will protect the delicate edges from damage.
Copyright © Chris A Paschke, 2011
For more information on float frames or additional framing articles,
Chris Paschke, CPF GCF
Tehachapi, CA 93561